Rachel Lambert: forager, author, guide

Yarrow Flower Creme Brulee

Yarrow in flower on the coast path

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)  was one of the first wild herbs I got to know. I used to love lying on my belly and introducing it to people in their garden lawns, where it often grows side-by-side with grass. I've even written a song about yarrow that I share on The Singing Forager Experience as a way for you to learn about and remember yarrow's qualities.

If you're lucky enough to see yarrow in wilder areas you'll get to know its lightly furred, dry stems and tight, umbel flower heads that smell of honey in the hot summer sun. Ooh, that scent. The flowers tend to be white with a pale yellow centre, though can be tinged pink. There are many colourful garden varieties too.

Pink toned yarrow in a field

Yarrow is strong in many ways; with firm, upright stems it thrives in harsh environments from sand dunes to mountain sides. It bounces back, even after been regularly mowed, and has powerful medicinal qualities from stopping blood flow to treating colds. Yarrow has quickly become incorporated into my tea cupboard, my first aid kit, my salads and my creative memory bank of flavourings. Actually, I admire its qualities so much, I have a dried sprig of it sitting opposite me in my office window sill.

I've used it for years as a Winter tea when I get colds (it helps reduce fevers), I've used it directly on a small open wounds to stop bleeding (also known as woundwort it has anti-inflammatory qualities too) and I've used it in cold and hot infusions for drinks, ice cream and creme brulee.

Infusing yarrow flowers in cream

Using Yarrow in Creme Brulee

Yarrow has a variety of culinary uses and scents, depending how and when you use it (too much to go into here), though chewing on a little of the summer leaves have always reminded me of lavender (don't eat too much). I remember making a lavender-scented creme brulee the day my sister went into labour with her second child. Something relaxing while we're waiting, I thought. Then her waters broke. We never got to enjoy the creme brulee properly, though the seed had been sown for a wilder version of this classic dessert.

On another note, since popping out to buy the double cream, I bumped into two neighbours who both said they don't usually go for dessert, unless it's creme brulee. Something about the dairy, the small portion and the not too sweet, it seems. I digress.

Yarrow creme brulee image

Yarrow Creme Brulee Recipe

This recipe captures the mild herb flavour of yarrow, building on the 'not too sweet' dessert theme. It uses dried yarrow, so can be made in Summer or Winter, for medicinal or pleasure reasons, or both.

Serves 4.


  • 400 ml double cream
  • 3 heaped tbsp dried and chopped yarrow leaves and flowers
  •  3 large organic egg yolks
  • 1 dessertspoon soft brown sugar

Caramel topping

  • 1 heaped dessertspoon dried and chopped yarrow leaves
  • 75 g water
  • 100 g golden caster sugar

Pour the cream into a small saucepan and pop in the yarrow, bring to a simmer then take off the heat and leave to infuse for 20 minutes before straining through a jelly bag. Give the jelly bag a good squeeze so you extract all the aroma you can, then pour back into the (cleaned) pan. Combine the yolks and sugar in a bowl and add to the cream. Stir continuously, over a low heat while the mixture thickens enough to coat the back of a spoon well. The mixture will become more solid when cooled, so don't worry too much, and will already be slightly thicker from being brought to the boil too.

Pour into 4 small ramekin bowls and leave to set in the fridge for a few hours or overnight. Next, boil the kettle and pour 75 ml of hot water (5 tablespoons) over the herbs for the topping. Cover and leave to infuse and cool.

Once cold, strain the water, discarding the herbs and bring to the boil in a small saucepan with the sugar. Here, you have a choice of a light brown topping with a mild herby flavour (see image above), which is ready at 260°F/130°C. Alternatively you can go for the traditional 'burnt sugar' (image below) where it will turn a dark brown colour (about 280°F/138°C/Small crack) but you won't be able to taste the yarrow in the topping! The choice is yours...

Pour a thin layer of the syrup over each custard-filled ramekin and leave to cool. Serve the same day, or the caramel will start to dissolve again. To eat, crack open the top and enjoy.

two glasses of yarrow creme brulee with yarrow flowers

Like to learn more?

I run foraging courses throughout the year where you can learn about common wild plants such as yarrow. I cover up to 10 plants per course, as thoroughly as possible. You can ask questions, we can discuss, share, smell, touch, taste and ruminate about all the possible recipes and uses of each plant (and I'll share facts and my experiments too!). Oh, and the Singing Forager Experience is my new venture - it's a foraging walk with songs and a fire, where I share knowledge about plants in all the ways mentioned above, with the addition of songs (join in or just listen). Would love you to join me on either of these.

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